1st Annual UConn Philosophy Graduate Conference
November 8th, 2014
Laurel Hall 201
Realism and Anti-Realism
The Philosophy Graduate Student Association is proud to announce its 1st Annual UConn Philosophy Graduate Conference. This year’s topic is “Realism and Anti-Realism“. Philosophy has long seen a debate between various theories properly called “realism” or “anti-realism” or the many things in between in nearly every topic of philosophy, including language, logic, mathematics, mind and ethics. This conference is a small discussion of various types of realisms and anti-realisms about these topics and the debate between realists and anti-realists.
The conference will take place on November 8th, 2014 from 10:00am – 6:00pm in Laurel Hall 201. Lunch will be provided for all attendees, due to generous funding by the Graduate Student Senate. No registration is required and the event is open to the public, as well as all UConn students and faculty.
The schedule is as follows. You can also download our poster here.
10:00am – 11:05am
Chapman Waters (Purdue)
“Frege’s Realism: The Truth about Beauty”
The general philosophical stance advanced by Gottlob Frege has traditionally been taken to include a commitment to a variety of metaphysical theses typically associated with the label “realism”; the past few decades, however, have seen a surge of interpretations which hold that, at the core of Frege’s philosophy, are commitments which are somehow opposed to realism. In this paper I argue that it is Frege’s denial of realism, in connection with one domain of discourse, which not only undermines one popular argument for interpretations of the latter sort, but establishes that Frege was, in fact, a realist about truth.
11:20am – 12:25pm
Vera Flocke (NYU)
The goal of this paper is to outline a novel version of ontological anti-realism, which I call ontological expressivism. The main thesis of ontological expressivism is that ontological existence claims express non-cognitive states of mind. In my preferred version of the view, There are numbers expresses a non-cognitive preference to populate the world with numbers. This view combines two theses: the first thesis is that ontological existence claims express meaning postulates for quantified expressions. The second thesis is that facts of ontology are a product of such meaning postulates and thus created rather than discovered. This account promises to explain the function of ontological inquiry without supposing that there are deep ontological facts. In my view, ontological disputes serve the purpose of coordinating various speakers on following the same set of postulates, which effectively means to coordinate them on a common construction of reality.
12:30pm – 1:30pm
1:30pm – 2:35pm
Louis Gularte (Brown)
“Why Conceptual Competence, if anything, Justifies Realism in a priori Domains”
I present a ‘conceptual competence’ approach to defending realism in a priori domains, as a general response to socalled ‘etiological’ arguments against our reliability with respect to the truths of those domains. My observation is that knowledge of truth conditions is sufficient to explain one’s reliability in an a priori domain, and that conceptual competence explains knowledge of truth conditions. It follows that, if the relevant conceptual inference rules vindicate realism, conceptual competence is enough to explain our reliability.
2:50pm – 3:55pm
Brendan Cline (Buffalo)
“The Robustness of Global Evaluative Skepticism”
Evolutionary Debunking Arguments have become an increasingly prominent strategy for motivating antirealism about particular domains of thought (e.g. Street 2006; Ruse 1986). Richard Joyce (2006, 2008, 2013, 2014) has helped popularize this argumentative strategy by employing it in his attempt to undermine moral realism. Joyce argues that moral nativism undermines the justification of our moral judgments, since it offers an explanation of our tendency to make moral judgments which does not require that those judgments are ever true. While I am sympathetic to his moral skepticism, I think Joyces position suffers from several important weaknesses. The goal of this paper is to highlight these vulnerabilities and argue that a more promising approach to debunking which supports global skepticism about value can avoid these problems. After briefly sketching Joyces account, I outline three difficulties it faces. I then show how these problems are avoided by a more robust, global skepticism about value, closing with a discussion of how these results fit in with Sharon Streets work.
4:30pm – 6:00pm
Associate Professor and Associate Chair of Philosophy, NYU
“Meditation and Metaethics: Reasons to Pay Attention”
In the first part of the paper, I argue that those of us who work in secular analytic metaethics in the western tradition have reason to pay more attention than we have so far to the suggestion, originating with eastern meditative traditions, that the practice of meditation (and in particular, the form of meditation variously known as mindfulness, insight, or vipassana meditation) can serve as a path to ethical insight. I argue that contemporary analytic metaethics in the western tradition finds itself at an impasse, and that a look to eastern meditative traditions might help us to get past it.
In the second part of the paper, I offer a highly provisional sketch of the sort of metaethical view I have in mind. I begin with a discussion of Christine Korsgaard’s Kantian constructivism and Thomas Nagel’s non-naturalist realism, raising objections to both positions but then identifying what I think are the most promising core ideas contained within each. I then suggest that a view that appeals to the form of attention cultivated in mindfulness meditation might be able to build upon the strengths of Korsgaard’s and Nagel’s views, while avoiding their problems.